BSA Supply No. 35958
People use countless fibers and fabrics in their everyday lives: clothes, carpets, curtains, towels, sheets, upholstered furniture. Add to that list boat sails, book bindings, bandages, flags, sleeping bags, mailbags, airbags, seat belts, backpacks, parachutes, umbrellas, basketball nets, and more.
- Discuss with your merit badge counselor the importance of textiles. In your discussion,
define the terms fiber, fabric, and textile. Give examples of textiles you use every
- Do the following:
- Get swatches of two natural-fiber fabrics (100 percent cotton, linen, wool, or silk;
no blends). Get swatches of two synthetic-fiber fabrics (nylon, polyester, acrylic,
olefin, or spandex). Get a sample of one cellulosic fabric (rayon, acetate, or lyocell).
- Give the origin, major characteristics, and general content of each type of fiber
obtained for 2a. Explain the difference between a cellulosic manufactured fiber
and a synthetic manufactured fiber.
- Describe the main steps in making raw fiber into yarn, and yarn into fabric.
- Assume you will soon buy a new garment or other textile item. Tell your counselor
what fiber or blend of fibers you want the item to be, and give reasons for your
- Do TWO of the following:
- Visit a textile plant, textile products manufacturer, or textile school or college.
Report on what you saw and learned.
- Weave a belt, headband, place mat, or wall hanging. Use a simple loom that you have
- With a magnifying glass, examine a woven fabric, a nonwoven fabric, and a knitted
fabric. Sketch what you see. Explain how the three constructions are different.
- Make a piece of felt.
- Make two natural dyes and use them to dye a garment or a piece of fabric.
- Waterproof a fabric.
- Demonstrate how to identify fibers, using microscope identification or the breaking
- Explain the meaning of 10 of the following terms: warp, harness, heddle, shed, aramid,
spandex, sliver, yarn, spindle, distaff, loom, cellulose, sericulture, extrusion,
carbon fibers, spinneret, staple, worsted, nonwoven, greige goods.
- List the advantages and disadvantages of natural plant fibers, natural animal fibers,
cellulosic manufactured fibers, and synthetic manufactured fibers. Identify and
discuss at least four ecological concerns regarding the production and care of textiles.
- Explain to your merit badge counselor, either verbally or in a written report, five
career possibilities in the textile industry. Tell about two positions that interest
you the most and the education, cost of training, and specific duties those positions
American Business, Animal Science, Art, Basketry, Chemistry, Energy, Environmental Science, Graphic Arts, Indian Lore, Insect Study, and Plant Science merit badge pamphlets
- Barber, Elizabeth Wayland. The Mummies of Ueruemchi. W.W. Norton, 1999.
- Brown, Rachel. The Weaving, Spinning, and Dyeing Book. Knopf, 1983.
- Burningham, Veronica. Weaving Without a Loom. Search Press, 1998.
- Crolius, Kendall, and Anne Montgomery. Knitting With Dog Hair. St. Martin's, 1997.
- Dean, Jenny. Wild Color. Watson-Guptill, 1999.
- Delaney, Connie. Spindle Spinning: From Novice to Expert. Kokovoko Press, 1998.
- Doney, Meryl. Textiles. Franklin Watts, 1998.
- Garfield, Simon. Mauve: How One Man Invented a Color That Changed the World. W.W. Norton, 2001.
- Johnson, Sylvia A. Silkworms. First Avenue Editions, 1989.
- Joseph, Marjory L., et al. Joseph's Introductory Textile Science. Sixth edition. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1992.
- Keeler, Patricia A., and Francis X. McCall Jr. Unraveling Fibers. Atheneum, 1995.
- Macaulay, David. Mill. Houghton Mifflin, 1989.
- McGrayne, Sharon Bertsch. Blue Genes and Polyester Plants: 365 More Surprising Scientific Facts, Breakthroughs, and Discoveries. John Wiley and Sons, 1997.
- O'Reilly, Susie. Textiles. Bookwright, 1991.
- Parker, Steve. Textiles. Gareth Stevens, 2002.
- Simonds, Christopher. Samuel Slater's Mill and the Industrial Revolution. Silver Burdett Press, 1990.
- Unicorn Projects Inc. Mill Times. PBS Home Video.
- David Macaulay, author of Mill, guides viewers through the changes that transformed the making of textiles, a key part of the Industrial Revolution that swept Europe and America in the late 18th century.
America's Textile Industries
Web site: http://www.textileindustries.com
Web site: http://www.textileworld.com
Organizations and Web Sites
All Fiber Arts
Web site: http://www.allfiberarts.com
American Fiber Manufacturers Association
1150 17th St. NW, Suite 310
Washington, DC 20036
Web site: http://www.fibersource.com/
American Sheep Industry Association
6911 S. Yosemite, Suite 200
Englewood, CO 80112-1414
Web site: http://www.sheepusa.org/ kids/index.shtml
American Textile History Museum
491 Dutton Street
Lowell, MA 01854
Web site: http://www.athm.org
American Wool Council
6919 S. Yosemite St.
Englewood, CO 80112-1414
Web site: http://www.americanwool.org/ genwool.html
The Center for Traditional Textiles of Cusco
Web site: http://www.incas.org
Web site: http://www.fabrics.net
Web site: http://www.fibersource.com/ links.htm
Web site: http://www.fiberworld.com
Mohair Council of America
233 W. Twohig
P.O. Box 5337
San Angelo, TX 76902
Web site: http://www.mohairusa.com/
National Cotton Council of America
1918 N. Parkway
P.O. Box 820285
Memphis, TN 38182-0285
Web site: http://www.cotton.org/
Phi Psi Textile Fraternity
Web site: http://www.ttu.edu/ PhiPsiFraternity/
Textile Resources on the World Wide Web
Web site: http://www.uwstout.edu/lib/ subjects/textile.htm
The Woolery Books, Videos, and Plans
Web site: http://www.woolery.com/ books.html
Department of Textile Engineering
115 Textile Engineering
Auburn, AL 36849
Web site: http://www.eng.auburn.edu/department/te/index.html
School of Textiles
Fiber and Polymer Science
161 Sirrine Hall
Clemson, SC 29634
Web site: http://mse.clemson.edu/stfps/
Georgia Institute of Technology
School of Textile and Fiber Engineering
801 Ferst Drive NW, MRDC 1
Atlanta, GA 30332-0295
Web site: http://www.tfe.gatech.edu/ tfehome.html
Institute of Textile Technology
2551 Ivy Road
Charlottesville, VA 22903-4614
Web site: http://www.itt.edu/
North Carolina State University
College of Textiles
Raleigh, NC 27695-8301
Web site: http://www.tx.ncsu.edu/
School of Textile and Materials Technology
Schoolhouse Lane and Henry Avenue
Philadelphia, PA 19144
Web site: http://fibers.philau.edu/
Southern Polytechnic State�University
Apparel/Textile Engineering Technology
1100 South Marietta Parkway
Marietta, GA 30060-2896
Web site: http://www2.spsu.edu/atet/
University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
285 Old Westport Road
North Dartmouth, MA 02747-2300
Web site: http://www.umassd.edu/ engineering/textiles/
Clemson Apparel Research
500 Lebanon Road
Pendleton, SC 29670
Web site: http://car.clemson.edu/
International Textile Center
Texas Tech University
1001 East Loop 289
P.O. Box 45019
Lubbock, Texas 79409-5019
Web site: http://www.itc.ttu.edu/
Navy Clothing and Textile Research Facility
P.O. Box 59
Natick, MA 01760-0001
Web site: http://www.navy-nex.com/uniform/research/index_body.html
San Angelo Research and Extension Center
Texas A&M University
7887 U.S. Highway 87 North
San Angelo, TX 76901-9714
Web site: http://sanangelo.tamu.edu
TRI/Princeton (formerly Textile Research Institute)
601 Prospect Ave.
P.O. Box 625
Princeton, NJ 08542
Web site: http://www.triprinceton.org/
Yocom-McColl Testing Laboratories Inc.
540 West Elk Place
Denver, CO 80216-1823
Web site: http://www.ymccoll.com/